“The Good Book” site, based in the UK, features a neat resource for those who appreciate history, particularly the history of the kings of Israel and Judah (1050 – 586 BC). The following graphic lists all the kings in chronological order – both before the kingdom was divided (Saul, David, Solomon), and after the kingdom was divided in the days of Rehoboam and Jeroboam. The names of the kings are color-coded based on whether they did right in the eyes of the Lord, mostly did what was right, or did evil. The prophets and the dates of their ministries are also listed beside the appropriate column (Israel or Judah), along with Scripture references where the various characters are mentioned.
3 thoughts on “Rulers of Israel and Judah: A Timeline of I and II Kings”
Adam, this is very helpful as this week I have opportunity to preach on the spread of the kingdom and have to mention David’s fallen tent which your graphic vividly portrays. Praise God that the tent that fell has been restored never to fall again!
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I agree, this is a wonderful visual aid. Thank you for presenting this, Adam. Whether anyone realizes it or not, you are looking at the layout of almost the entire first half of the millennium. Starting with 968 BC, when Solomon laid the temple foundation, God says through David in Psalm 72:4 (Septuagint) that Solomon “shall bring low the false accuser.” (I believe this to be the prophecy that describes the initial binding of Satan during the millennial period of 968 BC – AD 33 at Christ’s crucifixion.) Read the entire Psalm 72 in the Septuagint, and you will notice in v. 16 that “There shall be an establishment on the earth on the tops of the mountains” being a reference to the temple of Jerusalem being built, and v. 7 where it says that “in his days (Solomon’s days) shall righteousness spring up”. Solomon’s wisdom and his proverbs became widely known in every nation of his time, as the Queen of Sheba acknowledged.
An additional prophecy which I believe predicts this binding of Satan is found in I Samuel 2:8-10 (Septuagint) where Hannah’s magnificat extols a God who “lifts up the poor from the earth, and raises the needy from the dunghill; to seat him with the princes of the people, and causing them to inherit the throne of glory;” (Think of David the shepherd soon to be raised to the throne.) Note particularly v. 10, “The Lord will weaken his adversary;” (Think of a soon-to-come binding of Satan starting with Solomon’s temple foundation being laid.)
In addition to Solomon’s influence, this graphic shows the almost continuous ministry of the prophets during this time with their living testimony and their written witness, which is how Satan’s influence continued to be bound and limited during this period, even after Solomon slides into idolatry later in his reign. Because of the prophets’ words, spoken and written down, the nations could no longer claim that they were deceived and were ignorant of the God of Israel. It is not necessary for this to be a SAVING knowledge for Satan to be successfully bound by the prophets’ ministry. Even the dispersion of Israel and Judah to Assyria and Babylon only served to spread the knowledge of Israel’s God further throughout the nations. I’m thinking of a little nameless maid in the household of Naaman the leper who played a part in this, simply by saying to her mistress, “Would God my lord were with the prophet in Samaria! for he would recover him of his leprosy”.
The spiritual significance of a temple foundation stone being laid is underlined heavily by God in scripture, from the emphasis on the year and month of Solomon’s temple foundation being laid, to the year and month (Ezra 3:8-11) of Zerubbabel’s temple foundation stone being laid in the middle of the millennium, (when God “revived His work in the MIDST OF THE YEARS” – Habakkuk 3:2 fulfilled in Ezra 9:9), up to the final glorious fulfillment of the true foundation stone, Christ, being laid down after his crucifixion and resurrection.
I have done some serious digging over several years to confirm the accuracy of both of these two dates, 968 BC and AD 33, and have found that a fulfilled, literal millennium that ends with AD 33 removes all the fog from Rev. 20 for me. And I have no idea where this paradigm fits in with either an amil, postmil, or premil position, and frankly, that’s not important to me.
Thank you for this. I was confused with timeline for shallum since it says in 2 Kings 15:13 Shallum the son of Jabesh began to reign in the thirty-ninth year of Uzziah king of Judah. Now I know Azariah’s other name is Uzziah. I thought the bible skipped the account of Uzziah’s reign.